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留学生essay写作万能模板之摘要部分

文章来源:www.australiaway.org  文章作者:Australiaway论文网  发布时间:2018/12/13  浏览次数: 次  字数:4744 字  文章关键词:essay写作

文章导读:留学生在完成essay写作时受限于母语思维和自身英文功底,很难写出高水平的essay。今天Australiaway小编就给同学们分享各种直接的、实际的、能解决问题的 essay写作模板 。这次先给同学...
  留学生在完成essay写作时受限于母语思维和自身英文功底,很难写出高水平的essay。今天Australiaway小编就给同学们分享各种直接的、实际的、能解决问题的essay写作模板。这次先给同学们分享abstract部分的写作模板,同学们可以收藏起来。
essay模板
essay模板分享
  Abstract主要是概括你的论文。特点是简明扼要的说出你essay的重点并且不需要涉及到其他地方,是对essay内容的高度概述。如果按照论文的目的和用途进行分类,摘要可以分为学术刊物论文摘要、学术会议论文摘要、学位论文摘要等三种;如果按照功能分类,则可以分为信息型摘要、指示型摘要、信息-指示型摘要等三种。学术英语写作中摘要的构成构成要素主要包含以下几个方面:研究主题、研究背景、研究目的、研究方法、研究结果以及研究结论等6部分。下面,我们一一来展示相应部分的写作范式,为各位提供参考。
 
  研究主题的写作模板
 
  This article/analysis/essay/investigation/paper/research/study/survey/thesis/work addresses/analyzes/argues/deems/holds/concerns/covers/includes/deals with/touches on/is about......
 
  The author demonstrates/discusses/describes/elaborates on/expounds/emphasizes/explains/explores/probes into/expresses/focuseson/formulates/summarizes......
 
  ......is studied in this paper/is the subject of this investigation.
 
  研究背景(背景回顾)的写作模板
 
  ......have developed dramatically over the last century,lessons learned……
 
  In the previous publication it was shown……
 
  This paper presents the results of……surveys conducted by……
 
  This paper provides a brief history of……
 
  The paper reviews the context for……
 
  研究背景(必要性和重要性)的写作模板
 
  This analysis/article/essay/paper/thesis considers/deems it necessary to……
 
  It is necessary to……
 
  ……create(s)new problems and call(s)for new……
 
  ……has(have)resulted in a need for……
 
  ……require(s)an effective……
 
  ……is an essential process to……
 
  ……play(s)important roals in……
 
  ……is an important means of……
 
  ……will be important.
 
  研究背景(局限性)的写作模板
 
  Previous surveys have addressed the question of…….The surveys reported in this paper are a follow-up study to the earlier surveys.
 
  Although this process has successfully achieved this objective,it is still not completely understood…….There is limited information regarding……and no information could be found on the relationship between……and…….To be understand……
 
  The limitations of……are discussed.
 
  ……has the potential to…….However,no comparative studies on……are available,and……has not been attempted.
 
  ……is a major contributor to…….However it is much neglected in the research and planning activities of……
 
  Despite the recent……of……
 
  研究目的的写作模板
 
  The analysis/article/essay/paper/thesis aims to/attempts to/makes an attempt to/tries to/intends to/is intended to……
 
  The chief/key/main/major/primary/pricipal/aim/attempt/goal/object/objective/proposal/purpose of this paper/research/work is to……
 
  To/In order to assess/evaluate/compare/clarify/decribe/determine/explore/examine/testify/check/identify/improve/investigate/study……
 
  To this end……is(was)studied…..
 
  In this paper,we wish to……
 
  研究方法(方法与原理)的写作模板
 
  A……based……is used,which requires……
 
  A……model is developed to represent……
 
  A……model tested the……of……
 
  A simple modification in the model changes the focus from……to……
 
  A……system was used to……
 
  ……was(were)treated with……
 
  ……measurements were made……
 
  ……were separated into……groups based on……
 
  ……were randomly divided/grouped into……groups.
 
  Statistical methods……was used for……
 
  ……also incorporates a……
 
  The new……system has been tested in……
 
  The proposed……employs an information system to store……
 
  The samples of……were collected by……
 
  The test for……has been carried out……
 
  We sampled the……of……
 
  We experimented on the property of……
 
  Using……(tecnique),we studied……
 
  Using……,it was found that……
 
  ……was(were)measured using……
 
  By performing a one-dimensional analysis on a……
 
  With reference to……,……is obtained,……problem is solved through……method.
 
  In order to examine the……,a questionnaire survey has been conducted with……
 
  研究方法(数据测量与计算)的写作范式
 
  The average……increases with……
 
  The mean percent fifferences between……and……that were observed indicated that……and it was evident that……
 
  The author has computed/worked out……
 
  In this paper,we measured……
 
  Comparing……and……,it was found that……
 
  The……range of……was measured by……
 
  The……rate of……was calculated by means of……
 
  The……was estimated……
 
  研究结果的写作模板
 
  It is found that……
 
  The……are found to be……
 
  ……is confirmed.
 
  ……demonstrate……
 
  ……showed……
 
  Key findings of the study include……
 
  研究结论(结论)的写作模板
 
  The study of……indicates/reveals/shows/suggests that……
 
  The authors conclude that……
 
  研究结论(启示)的写作模板
 
  The approach can be used with……
 
  Based on……,……can determine……
 
  The model can be used for answering various“what if”questions that may be very helpful to……
 
  The outcome of the investigation is to provide……
 
  It is anticipated that the conceptual model presented here will be used as a basis for……
 
  Overall,the results suggest improvements to……
 
  Significant improvements in performance appear possible through……
 
  The present study makes it possible to apply……
 
  These models provide a viable alternative to……
 
  The model was implemented to predict……when……
 
  Model results also suggests benefits for……
 
  The results of……effort illustrate the vaule of……
 
  研究结论(展望)的写作模板
 
  ……will call for new forms of……,greater supporter of……
 
  Although there is already……,more……is still needed.
 
  We believe this approach opens the way to further development on problems in……
 
  以上的各种写作模板都是从各种高分优秀essay总结下来的,具有一定的代表性。并且其中的一些并列内容同学们也不需要全部记下来,只需选取自己习惯使用的一项或两项掌握即可。但是,同学们要注意的是,模板要巧用而不是随便套用,否则你的essay会出现生硬、死板等情况。因此,只有结合模板并不断多读多写多练,才能形成具有自身特点的essay写法。对于各类essay写作还有疑问的同学可以扫描右边的二维码联系我们的客服哦!

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标题: 留学生essay写作万能模板之摘要部分       地址:http://www.australiaway.org/a/hangyedongtai/114.html

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